Georgia Supreme Court Confirms that Fault Can Be Allocated to Employer Immune from Liability due to Exclusive Remedy

Before the Georgia Supreme Court issued its apportionment decision in Zaldivar v. Prickett, 297 Ga. 589 (2015), the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia had certified the following question to the Supreme Court, and it has now answered:

Does OCGA § 51-12-33 (c) allow the jury to assess a percentage of fault to the non-party employer of a plaintiff who sues a product manufacturer and seller for negligence in failing to warn about a product danger, even though the non-party employer has immunity under OCGA § 34-9-11?

“Unless there is a compelling reason to treat nonparty employers with immunity under the Workers’ Compensation Act differently than nonparties with other defenses or immunities against liability, Zaldivar requires an affirmative answer to the certified question. We see no such compelling reason, and so, we adhere to Zaldivar and respond to the District Court in the affirmative.”

Walker v. Tensor Machinery, LTD, S15Q1222 (11/16/15).

It is not uncommon for an employee to be severely injured by a dangerous or defective machine, giving rise to a products liability action against the manufacturer of the machine.  Unfortunately, in Georgia, that manufacturer may be able to reduce its liability by offering evidence that the employer was at fault, even though the employee cannot sue his or her employer for damages, as the employee’s remedy against the employer is limited to workers compensation benefits.

As with the Supreme Court’s opinion in Zaldivar, this most recent decision was not unexpected, but it is certainly disappointing.

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